The four main causes of World War One were:Militarism
– Where the term ‘arms race’ comes from. When countries build up their militaries.Alliances
– When two or more countries join in an agreement. When one goes to war, the other/s are expected to as well. Imperialism
– Control over other countries, and building empires. Ex: Britain and all its colonies. Nationalism
– A really strong sense of loyalty to one’s homeland and people. Pride in your country.
But the spark
that triggered it was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of July 1914, when visiting Serbia. He was the heir to the Austria-Hungary throne. The Black Hand, a Serbian nationalist group, murdered Ferdinand to show how much they hated Austria-Hungary. This started a chain of events that quickly led to WWI. Triple Alliance:
-Italy (Sort of)
- Ottoman EmpireTriple Entente:
- Britain & Colonies
-US (Very later)
- Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July 28th, 1914.
- Russia was bound by a treaty to Serbia, and started sending over its army in her defense.
- Germany, who was allied to Austria-Hungary, declares War on Russia on August 1st
- France, who was allied to Russia, refused Germany’s demands to stay out of it. Germany declared War on France on August 3rd. Germany immediately invaded Belgium, (Who was neutral,) to attack Paris. (BTW, this plan was used again in WWII, and was a success the second time around.)
- Britain, who was allied to France by a more loosely worded treaty (Really more of a “moral obligation,”) declared war on Germany on August 4th. This was also because of a 75-year old treaty with Belgium. With Britain’s entry into the war, its colonies and dominions were dragged in as well, including Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa.
- Japan, honoring a military agreement with Britain, declared war on Germany on August 23rd.
- The Ottoman Empire (Turkey,) joins the Triple Alliance on October 28th, 1914.
- Italy was initially allied with Germany, but later switched sides in May, 1915 via clause in the treaty, saying it would only assist the countries if they were attacked, but sense they were the aggressors, Italy was not required to participate. (BTW again, they did the same thing in WWII)
- The United States originally planned on remaining neutral, but when Germany started attacking US commercial ships, America declared war on Germany, April 6, 1917.
This is all straight from my Canadian History 11 Binder, so there’s most definitely stuff missing and/or incorrect. If anyone would like to correct me on anything, or has anything they feel is important and should be added, please comment below.
Also, when drawing this, I realized that Canada’s aviation goggles could possibly be homage to Canada’s air force during WWII (4th largest in the world.) 131 500 British Commonwealth pilots were trained at 200 sites across Canada. If so, that’d be pretty cool. If it was just a random fluke, eh, that’s still cool.
Before I get any comments on America, I did not add him because the US didn’t join the war until 3 years later.